General Information

Airports, Airport Transportation and Other Transportation into NYC
New York City is served by four airports: La Guardia Airport in Queens, 8 mi/13 km from Midtown; John F. Kennedy Airport (JFK), 15 mi/24 km east of Midtown; Newark International Airport in New Jersey, 16 mi/26 km west of Midtown; and MacArthur Airport, about 45 mi/70 km east of Manhattan in Ronkonkoma, Islip Township, Long Island.

SuperShuttle operates blue and yellow mini-vans that serve JFK, La Guardia and Mac Arthur airports. Shuttle service is first-come, first-served every 15-30 minutes, 24 hours. Between 1:30am-5am use a courtesy phone to obtain service. From JFK and La Guardia US$14-$17; from MacArthur US $20-25. Phone +1 800 258 3826.

Gray Line Air Shuttle/Express Shuttle USA serves Manhattan hotels from La Guardia, JFK and Newark. US$13 from La Guardia; US$14 from JFK; US$14 from Newark; US$18.50 to Newark. Phone +1 212 315 3006 or +1 800 451 0455. Departing from Newark Airport, Olympia Trails Airport Express Bus makes stops at Penn Station, Grand Central Station, and Port Authority Bus Terminal. Phone +1 212 964 6233, +1 908 354 3330, +1 718 622 7700 or +1 888 622 7200.

Taxis are expensive. Approximate fare from Newark to Midtown (not including tip): US$40-$60; from JFK: US$30 plus tolls; from La Guardia: US$20-$25; from MacArthur US$90-$100 plus tolls. Do not accept rides in "gypsy" (unofficial) cabs.

Limousines Reservations advisable for these: Tel Aviv, sedans and limos from JFK, Newark, La Guardia and MacArthur; US$25-$225 plus tax, tolls and tip; phone +1 212 505 0555 or +1 800 222 9888. Olympic, sedans and limos from JFK, Newark and La Guardia; US$30-$50 plus tax, tolls and tip; phone +1 800 995 1200 or +1 800 833 3999.

Rental Cars Avis, Budget, Dollar, Hertz and National are on site at JFK, La Guardia, and Newark airports. Avis, Budget and Hertz are at MacArthur

Airport. It is not recommended that you rent a car. Driving into and around Manhattan is difficult. Parking at Marriott Marquis is $45 per day.

For further transportation information you can visit the Port Authority Website at and refer to the tab on the left hand side that says "AIRPORTS". Once in this section, please refer to "getting to and from the airport".

By Rail
Amtrak - National Railroad Passenger Corp. is located in Penn Station, Seventh - Eighth Avenues at 31st - 33rd Streets. Phone +1 800 872 7245. National Passenger Service. Operates seven days. (

Long Island Rail Road (LIRR) for schedule and fare information phone +1 718 217 LIRR or +1 516 822 LIRR. Operates from Penn Station (33rd St. and 7th Avenue) in Manhattan to Montauk and 134 other Long Island Communities. Operates seven days. (

Metro-North Railroad Phone +1 212 532 4900. Operates from Grand Central Terminal to 119 stations in New York, Connecticut and New Jersey. Operates seven days. (

NJ Transit Phone +1 800 772 2222 or +1 973 765 5100. Frequent rail service throughout New Jersey into New York City. Operates seven days.

Path Phone +1 800 234 PATH. Operates round trip from Newark, NJ's Penn Station through lower Manhattan. Path's 33rd St. Station is in Midtown Manhattan one block from Amtrak trains. Operates seven days.

By Bus
NJ Transit Phone +1 800 772 2222 or +1 973 765 5100. Frequent bus service throughout New Jersey into New York City.

Port Authority Bus Terminal. Eighth Avenue between 40th - 42nd Streets. Phone +1 212 564 8484, +1 201 659 8823. The nation's largest and most modern bus terminal. Provides connecting bus service to virtually any point in the continental US, Canada, and Mexico. Modern shopping complex inside. Serves the three major airports; buses leave regularly from Airport Bus Center in North Wing. Airline ticket counters.

Banking Hours
Monday-Friday 9am-3 pm; some banks stay open to 5:30pm or 6pm one day a week. Some open Saturday mornings.

Business Services
The New York Marriott Marquis has a full Business Center complete with PC's, internet access, copying, faxing and secretarial services. There is a 24-hour Kinkos on 47th Street and 6th Ave a few blocks from the hotel at 1211 Avenue of the Americas, phone +1 212 391 2679.

Conference Location
All ICC 2002 programs and events will be held at the New York Marriott Marquis located at 1535 Broadway, New York, NY 10036. Phone +1 212 398 1900 Fax: +1 212 704 8930. Hotel amenities and services available to guests can be viewed at Babysitting services are available upon request. The hotel is equipped with a health club and sauna. Guest rooms are equipped with data ports, and high-speed Internet access. The hotel has several restaurants and bars. The concierge staff at ext. 51 can provide recommendations and assistance.
Click here for Hotel Reservation Information.

Conference Meals
Tickets for the Awards Luncheon on Monday and the Conference Banquet on Tuesday are included with the full registration fee and available for sale at an additional cost for guests and other conference attendees. Join us on Monday evening for a dinner cruise on board World Yacht. Tickets can be purchased with your conference registration. Additional information on these events can be found in the Social Events section of this program. The New York Marriott Marquis has several restaurants as well as room service. In addition there are a plethora of restaurants in every price range within a few blocks of the hotel.

Conference Registration
(Advance) Take advantage of advance registration discounts when you register for ICC 2002 on or before 29 March 2002. Simply complete and submit the registration form in this program or register on-line at for a faster confirmation.

(On-Site) The registration/information desk will be located on the 5th floor of the New York Marriott Marquis just outside of the ICC 2002 Exhibit Hall/Internet CafÈ (Westside Ballroom), except on Thursday 2 May when registration will be in the 4th floor lobby.

Preliminary Registration Hours:

Saturday 27 April 15:00 - 6:00 (tentative)
Sunday 28 April 7:00 - 19:00
Monday 29 April 7:00 - 17:00
Tuesday 30 April 7:00 - 17:00
Wednesday 1 May 7:00 - 17:00
Thursday 2 May 7:00 - 17:00

Conference Social Events
Please see the Social Events Section of this program for complete details on the ComSoc 50th Anniversary Grand Reunion, the Awards Luncheon, ICC 2002 Conference Banquet and the World Yacht Dinner Cruise.

Currency (Money)
The US monetary system is one American dollar $1.00 = 100 cents. Traveler's checks denominated in US dollars are accepted at most hotels, restaurants, and large stores. ATMs are located inside banks and in major terminals, such as Penn Station, Port Authority Bus Terminal and Grand Central Station. Most ATMs accept major bank cards from banks that are part of such international banking networks as Cirrus and Plus, and credit cards (if you obtain a PIN prior to travel). ATMs dispense US currency at the going rate of exchange. However, do not rely on just one debit or credit card to obtain cash.

American Express (phone +1 212 640 5130), Thomas Cook Foreign Exchange (phone +1 212 753 2595) and Chase Bank Foreign Currency Exchange (phone +1 212 935 9935) for branch and hour information, (phone +1 800 242 7324 for foreign currency information) have offices throughout the city.

Disabled Advisory
If you have a special need please be certain to indicate this on the ICC 2002 Conference Registration Form. For a copy of Access for All (accessibility information for disabled travelers), phone +1 212 575 7660, or write to Tricia Hennessey, Hospital Audiences, Access Dept., 220 W. 42nd St., 13th Floor, New York, NY 10036. Costs US$5.

Information about agencies that assist people with disabilities is available from the Mayor's Office for People with Disabilities, 52 Chambers St., Office 206, New York, NY 10007, phone +1 212 788 2830.

Dress Attire
Business casual is recommended for daytime and evening ICC 2002 events.

The US uses 110-120 volts, 60 cycles, compared to 220-240 volts, 50 cycles, in most of Europe.

Exhibit Hall
The ICC 2002 Exhibit Hall/Internet Café will be open from 10:00 - 16:00 Monday - Wednesday.

Guest Hospitality and Tours
Spouses and Guests of conference attendees can take advantage of our big city hospitality during the conference in the ICC 2002 Guest Hospitality Room located in the New York Marriott Marquis. Enjoy light refreshments, rest your weary feet and pick up your complimentary gift bag of NYC themed goodies. Spouses and Guests must show their ICC 2002 name badge for entrance to the Guest Hospitality Room and to receive their gift bag. The Guest Hospitality Room will be open Monday - Wednesday from 8:00 - 17:00. (Additional hours on Sunday and Thursday may be added.) ICC 2002 has arranged optional tours for conference guests. All tours will depart from the Guest Hospitality Room. Please see the Guest Hospitality and tours pages for more information.

Hotel Reservations
ICC 2002 has reserved a block of rooms at the New York Marriott Marquis, from Thursday 25 April, 2002 - Monday 6 May 2002. New York Marriott Marquis is located at 1535 Broadway, New York, NY 10036 Phone: +1 212 398 1900 Fax: +1 212 704 8930. We also have a small block of rooms at the Renaissance New York Hotel 2 blocks away.

The Renaissance is at Two Times Square (7th Ave at 48th St.) Phone +212 765 7676 Fax +212 765 1962. IEEE ICC 2002 rate at both hotels is is $235 per night plus 8.25 % New York State Tax, 5% New York City and a $2.00 Occupancy Tax

To make your reservation please click here.

Reservations at the Renaissance New York Hotel must be made by telephone.

Internet Access
The ICC 2002 Exhibit Hall/Internet Café will be open from 10:30 - 15:30 Monday - Wednesday. All guestrooms in the New York Marriott Marquis have data ports, most guestrooms are equipped with high-speed access for an additional fee. Computers with Internet access are available for a fee in the hotel Business Center. easyEverything Times Square Internet Café is a 24/7 Cyber Café with 800 PC's located on 42nd Street 4 blocks from the hotel. Connection rates start at $1. 234 West 42nd Street (between 7th and 8th Avenues) Phone +1 212 398 0724 URL:

All Conference Sessions and Publications will be in English.

Medical Requirements
No inoculations are needed to enter the US unless you are coming from, or have stopped over in, areas known to be suffering from epidemics, particularly cholera or yellow fever.

Australians need passport, visa and proof of onward passage; citizens of the UK need passport and proof of onward passage; Canadians need proof of citizenship along with an official photo ID. Confirm travel document requirements with carrier before departure. Canadian citizens may enter the US without visas; they only need proof of residence. Citizens of UK, New Zealand, Japan and most western European countries traveling with a valid passport may not need a visa for fewer than 90 days of holiday or business travel to the US, provided they hold a roundtrip or return ticket and enter the US on an airline or cruise line participating in the visa waiver program. Citizens of countries not listed above, including citizens of Australia, must have two documents: a valid passport, with an expiration date at least 6 months later than the scheduled end of their visit to the US; and a tourist visa, available from the nearest US consulate. If you need to obtain a Visa for entry into the US be certain to apply for one as early as possible. IEEE Communications Society will provide you with a letter to help assist with your visa application on request. To request a visa letter email your name, complete mailing address, company and position to

Speaker Breakfasts>
Technical Symposium Speakers/Presenters are requested to attend the speakers breakfast on the morning of their presentation. Additional information will be available in the Final Program on-site or from your symposium chair.

Speaker Rehearsal Room
A speaker rehearsal room complete with overhead and LCD projector will be available Sunday - Thursday from 8:00 - 17:00 for any presenters who wish to rehearse and prepare for their presentations.

Student Travel Grants
If you applied for a Student Travel Grant you will be notified if you will receive a grant by the ComSoc office approximately 2 months before the conference. Award checks are distributed at the speakers breakfast the morning of your paper presentation. ICC 2002 has made special arrangements with the New York Marriott Marquis for grant checks to be cashed by the hotel. Details will be sent to you with your acceptance. Student Travel Grants are intended to help defray travel costs and are awarded to student authors/presenters who reside outside of the ComSoc region where the conference is held. Additional information can be found in the Author/Speaker section of the ICC 2002 Website at

The US is divided into 4 time zones (or 6 if you include Alaska and Hawaii). New York City is on Eastern Standard Time (EST).

This is part of the American way of life, based on the principle that you should pay for any special service. Here are some examples: bartenders: 10%-15%; bellhops: at least $2 per bag or $5-$8 for a lot of baggage; taxi drivers: 15% of the fare; airport attendants, $1 per bag or $2-$3 for a lot of baggage; valet parking attendants: $2.

Transportation Around New York
Taxicabs - Within the city, taxis cruise the streets looking for passengers. Taxi stands are at many hotels and transportation terminals. Yellow medallion taxis are the only vehicles authorized to pick up street hails. One fare covers all passengers; cabs need not be shared. Fares begin at $2, then increase by 30 cents for every 1/5 mile.

Subway - Operates 24 hours, seven days a week. Fare is $1.50 per one-way trip. MetroCard, or subway token required. Maps are located at subway and train stations, most hotels, Times Square Visitor Center (east side of Broadway between 46th and 47th) or The New York Convention and Visitors Bureau at 810 7th Avenue at 53rd Street.

Public Buses- Operate seven days. Fare is $1.50 (before MetroCard volume discounts) regardless of distance traveled. MetroCard, exact change or subway token is required. Free transfers to connecting buses. Bus stops are located near street corners, and can be identified by tall signs displaying bus emblems and route numbers. Buses stop every 2 to 3 blocks. Buses marked "Limited" make fewer stops. Free bus maps are usually available on the bus and can also be obtained from most subway stations, Times Square Visitor Center (east side of Broadway between 46th and 47th Streets) or The New York Convention and Visitors Bureau at 810 7th Avenue at 53rd Street.

MetroCard - Pre-paid cards that can be used on buses and subways. You can purchase MetroCards good for one or 10 trips. Cards are reusable and you can add money to them by visiting any subway station tollbooth. Additionally, you can purchase a 1-Day Fun Pass MetroCard for $4. This pass allows you to ride all the New York City Transit local buses and subways all you want from the time it is initially used through 3am the following morning. 7-day Unlimited Ride MetroCards are $17. For more information, phone +1 212 638 7622 or visit

Travel Arrangements
IEEE Travel can assist you with your travel arrangements to and from New York. They can be reached on-line at or by phone at +1 800 TRY IEEE in the US and Canada or +1 732 562 5387 outside the US and Canada.

April and May temperatures may range from 50° -70° Fahrenheit. We suggest that you pack a sweater, light jacket, and an umbrella for outdoor events. Comfortable shoes are recommended for city excursions.


NEW YORK is electric from the neon billboards of Times Square to Manhattan's night-lit skyline to the rush of people cramming the streets, subways, office towers, theaters and restaurants. It is an international capital of finance, fashion, media and the arts where people come together to create an utterly distinctive energy. The conference hotel is situated in the heart of Times Square and Broadway. A profile of New York City can be found at

New York is very much a walking city, so hit the pavement. Stay alert! Half the fun is uncovering the sights between the sights.

Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty: Trace the steps of immigrant ancestors. Take the Circle Line Statue of Liberty Ferry at Battery Park (Lower West Side of Manhattan). Access is limited to the crown of the statue from May-Labor Day. Ferry information: +1 212 269 5755.
Empire State Building: Incredible views from observatories; call for schedule and ticket information: +1 212 736 3100. Also a Skyride flight simulator; phone +1 212 279 9777.
New York Stock Exchange: Get free tickets for Visitors Gallery starting at 8:45. Walk among the humbling skyscrapers of Wall Street . The Exchange is at 20 Broad St., phone +1 212 656 5165.
Rockefeller Center: Famous for its Christmas tree, ice-skating rink and NBC Studios. 5th Avenue between 47th and 52nd Streets. NBC Studio tours: phone +1 212 664 7174.
Times Square: Cleaned up, and still the bright-light heart of Midtown. Broadway to 7th Avenue between 42nd and 47th Streets.
Grand Central Station: After its cleanup, the station is a destination in itself. Don't miss the Sky Ceiling, an aquamarine image of the night sky with lights for stars and major constellations outlined in gold. Many stores and restaurants. 42nd Street and Lexington Avenue.
Central Park: Flowing meadows, bridges, lakes, ponds and playing fields produce a fragile serenity in the heart of the metropolis. Do not go after dark. Between 5th and 8th Avenues and 59th and 110th Streets, phone +1 212 246 0520.
Metropolitan Museum of Art: Art and artifacts covering 5,000 years of world culture. 5th Avenue at 82nd Street, phone +1 212 570 3711 or +1 212 879 5500.
Museum of Modern Art (MOMA): Famed showcase for art from the 1880s to the present. 11 W. 53rd St., phone +1 212 708 9400 or +1 212 708 9480.
American Museum of Natural History: The largest collection of dinosaurs, fossil mammals and whole skeletons in the world. See the renovated dinosaur exhibit on the 4th floor. Central Park West at 79th Street, phone +1 212 769 5100.
Frick Collection: Henry Frick's fabulous collection of 14th-19th century European paintings, objets d'art and furniture. Lovely inner courtyard. 1 E. 70th St., phone +1 212 288 0700.
Bronx Zoo: Largest urban zoo in the country. All creatures in natural habitats. Fordham Road and Bronx River Parkway, phone +1 718 367 1010 or +1 718 220 5100.
Saint Patrick's Cathedral: Enormous and ornate Gothic-style cathedral. 5th Avenue at 50th Street, phone +1 212 753 2261.
Greenwich Village: Longtime artist community; lovely place to stroll and browse. Houston Street north to 14th Street, Broadway west to the Hudson River.
Chinatown: A labyrinth of narrow streets with frenetic shopping activity and restaurants galore. Between Canal and Pell Streets and 6th Avenue and the Bowery. Major streets are Canal, Pell and Mott. Parking is impossible. Take the subway.

Night Life
The city that never sleeps hums to the trendy, daring and fickle club scene. Topflight jazz, salsa and blues clubs and neighborhood bars stay open and lively as late as 4am.

Comedy Clubs:
Caroline's Comedy Club (up-and-coming comedians), 1626 Broadway, phone +1 212 757 4100
Comic Strip Live (small, popular), 1568 2nd Ave., phone +1 212 861 9386.

Live Music:
The Bitter End (blues, folk, jazz), 147 Bleecker St., phone +1 212 673 7030
The Blue Note (top jazz performers), 131 W. 3rd St., phone +1 212 475 8592
Sounds of Brazil (S.O.B.) (live Reggae, Latin and Caribbean), 204 Varick St., phone +1 212 243 4940
Sweet Basil (high-profile jazz), 88 7th Ave. S., phone +1 212 242 1785
Village Vanguard (jazz institution), 178 7th Ave. S., phone +1 212 255 4037.

Nightclubs and Dancing:
Au Bar (international crowd), 41 E. 58th St., phone +1 212 308 9455
China Club (beautiful people, aging rock stars), 2130 Broadway, phone +1 212 877 1166
Webster Hall (hip clientele, popular), 125 E. 11th St. (Village), phone +1 212 353 1600
Rainbow Room/Rainbow and Stars Club (romantic views, ballroom dancing, expensive, jacket recommended), 30 Rockefeller Plaza, phone +1 212 632 5000, American Express only
The Tunnel (two dance floors in an old railroad terminal; gays welcome), 27th and West Side Highway (Chelsea/Midtown), phone +1 212 695 2963.

Taverns and Pubs:
Joe's Pub (cabaret-like performance space in The Public Theatre), 425 Lafayette Street, phone +1 212 539 8500
Fraunces Tavern (George Washington was a regular), 54 Pearl St., phone +1 212 269 0144
North Star Pub (vast selection of British beers), 93 South St., South Street Seaport, phone +1 212 509 6757
Chumley's (warm and inviting), 86 Bedford St. (corner of Bedford and Barrow, West Village), phone +1 212 675 4449
White Horse Tavern (has a literary pedigree), 567 Hudson St. (at 11th Street, West Village), phone +1 212 243 9260.

Performing Arts
New York City is an international showcase of the arts and has a long-standing custom of demanding excellence in performance, and it shows the moment the lights dim, the curtain rises, the first actor speaks or the first note sounds.

Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts: This complex houses the Metropolitan Opera, New York City Opera, two ballet companies and the Julliard School, besides many other performing arts organizations. Tours given (phone +1 212 875 5350). Columbus Avenue at 64th Street, phone +1 212 875 5000.
Carnegie Hall: Continuous performances of classical, pop and jazz. 881 7th Ave. (at 57th Street), phone +1 212 247 7800.
Radio City Music Hall: Flashy art-deco hall hosts everything from Christmas concerts with kicking Rockettes to Reggae festivals. 1260 6th Avenue (at 50th Street), phone +1 212 247 4777.
City Center: Alvin Ailey and other dance companies. 131 W. 55th St. For City Center information, call +1 212 247 0430. For tickets, call City Tix, +1 212 581 1212.
New York Philharmonic: Season runs September-June at Avery Fisher Hall in Lincoln Center. In mid July the Philharmonic performs in many of New York's parks. For information, call +1 212 875 5030. For tickets, call Center Charge at +1 212 721 6500.
Metropolitan Opera House: The Metropolitan Opera Company's season runs late September-April. Performances Monday-Saturday. Lincoln Center, phone +1 212 362 6000.
Brooklyn Academy of Music (BAM): Avant-garde dance, music, opera and theater productions. Worth a subway ride. 30 Lafayette Ave., Brooklyn, phone +1 718 636 4100.
Central Park Summerstage: Performs free at Central Park June-August. Phone +1 212 360 2777.
Broadway, Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway theaters: Check with your hotel concierge for the most current shows and ticket availability.